The Monstera plant is a beautiful plant from South America and a popular indoor plant. Most people would probably prefer to buy Monstera plants that are already healthy and mature because they will be easier to care for. But some people would love to learn how to propagate Monstera. We will find out if you want to propagate plants. What should you do below?
- 1 Why is Monstera so well known and how to propagate Monstera?
- 2 Some warning signs and solutions for taking care of Monstera
- 3 Methods of plant propagation
- 4 Some other notes when you propagate Monstera
- 4.1 Make space for the roots
- 4.2 Remove the plant from the cover of the nursery.
- 4.3 Solve the problem of roots bunching together or wrapping around the potting soil
- 4.4 Take the sapling to put in the middle of the pot.
- 4.5 Watering newly planted trees
- 4.6 Cleaning and pruning trees
- 4.7 Fertilizer is needed
Why is Monstera so well known and how to propagate Monstera?
The plant is straightforward to grow and care for and has high self-resistance against pests and diseases. Due to its origin in South America, the tree is highly adaptable to many types of weather and climate. It loves water but does not like much light. It is suitable for indoor use because of its beautiful appearance, and it is ideal for indoor decoration. There are three ways of propagating Monstera: seeds, cuttings, branches, and hydroponics.
The tree has the most beautiful shape
It is considered the most beautiful tree in the betel nut family. Large foliage, bright colors, and green will make the indoor space fresh and rich in vitality. Because many Europeans love and use it as an indoor decoration, it is also an ornamental plant representing the Western European style.
Some warning signs and solutions for taking care of Monstera
Yellow or leaves’ sunburn
Yellowing leaves are a sign of overwatering. If you notice leaves starting to lose their original green, cut back on the amount of water you are using. If the tips of leaves get brown, the air is too dry, and the humidity is low. Increase the frequency of misting the plants and pay attention to the room temperature.
No slots or holes in the leaves
New leaves that don’t form slits or holes mean your plant lacks the right light, water, or nutrients.
Not safe for pets
Monstera’s nut is not safe for pets. The plant secretes a resin that is toxic to dogs and cats. Chewing on this plant can cause digestive problems, irritation of your pet’s mouth, lips, throat, and excessive drooling.
Methods of plant propagation
How to propagate Monstera from seed
You can grow Monstera from seed, and this method is quite simple, easy, and fast. However, planting trees with seeds is easy to lose a lot because of ants and the growth time of the tree is quite long.
To grow Monstera plants with roots, you put the seeds about 1cm – 1.5cm deep in the growing medium, such as coco peat growing medium, and Peatmoss, and then cover lightly. Make sure the soil is always moist enough for the seeds to grow.
Keep the soil temperature between 20 – 23 degrees Celsius for about 2 – 8 weeks. When the seedlings have germinated and have an inevitable certainty, you proceed to plant each plant into a pot that has prepared nutrient soil for the seedlings to grow.
How to propagate Monstera from cuttings
With cuttings, the cuttings have at least 2-3 roots. Where to cut monstera to propagate? You should use a sharp knife to cut above the roots about 1cm – 1.5cm. Then you can soak the cuttings in water mixed with root stimulants like N3M, Bimix Super Root, and Roots 2… for 15 minutes.
Then, bury a part of the root directly into the moist soil you have prepared. It would help make sure the tree is upright and cover the ground to the last root neck with a moderate cut to avoid breaking the roots.
Finally, put the plant in a cool place with 50% – 60% coverage and put the millet in the air. It will take a few weeks for the cuttings to have new roots. Once every 7-10 days, you use a root-stimulating fertilizer such as humic acid 322, Org Hum, Seasol, Acroots, and Terra Sorb Root to take root quickly.
How to grow Monstera hydroponically
Monstera can grow well when grown hydroponically or semi-hydroponically. First, you choose the unsuitable jar and then cut a Monstera piece into the container. Finally, you add the hydroponic solution that mixes with water.
It would help if you changed the hydroponic solution once a week or changed it when the water in the jar was cloudy. Some hydroponic solutions you can use, such as Bio Life, and Hydroponic.
Related Post: Do Monsteras Like Humidity? Should I Mist My Monstera?
Some other notes when you propagate Monstera
Make space for the roots
Make a hole 3 – 4 times wider than the young plant to facilitate the growth of the roots. Like potted plants, the size of the pot also needs to be 3-4 times larger than the young pot.
Remove the plant from the cover of the nursery.
Carefully remove the outer covering of the pot, but keep the soil around the young roots intact. If any, loosen tie knots, then carefully slide the plant out from the pot. Do not forcefully pull the tree out of the pot, as this may break the roots.
Solve the problem of roots bunching together or wrapping around the potting soil
Sometimes young plants have the phenomenon of roots bunched together as you wrap them in circles around the potting soil. In this case, cut an X at the bottom and extend it up the sides of the pot to preserve young roots.
Take the sapling to put in the middle of the pot.
Avoid planting too deep, and if the top of the potting soil is below the edge of the hole, you should bury a little more soil underneath to raise the top pot slightly higher. Make sure the seedling is straight to the pot, then fill the hole with the dug soil initially. Pay close attention to the soil, but do not compress the soil too hard. Continue backfilling until the ground covers the entire top layer of roots.
Watering newly planted trees
Create a water ring around the hole and provide it with sufficient water. After the water has soaked into the soil, spread a protective layer of mulch about 6-12cm high around the top of the pot. Or in an area 60cm in diameter around the base of the plant, but do not touch the trunk.
The soil and humus around your sapling should be kept moist but not soggy. It is essential to water the young plants during the first year.
When the weather is dry, water in small amounts at regular intervals for the first few days, remember to water slowly around the base of the plant without having it directly onto the trunk, and over-watering. It would be better if you learned the way of taking care of Monstera to provide the right amount of water for irrigation.
Cleaning and pruning trees
Pick up pieces of plastic paper scraps around the base of the tree or trunk because they can be the cause of preventing the tree from growing. Use scissors to prune away damaged or dead branches and leaves, if any.
Fertilizer is needed
Do not use any harsh or chemical fertilizers on your new tree. These products will kill your young plants. You wait for the plant’s roots to stabilize before adding fertilizers to the tree.