In addition to ensuring light, water, and moisture, fertilizer is an essential factor determining the growth and health of Monstera plants. So choosing the best fertilizer for Monstera and fertilizing them is appropriate. Please follow the article below.
- 1 What is the best fertilizer for Monstera?
- 2 How many kinds of fertilizers are for Monstera?
- 3 When should Monstera be fertilized?
What is the best fertilizer for Monstera?
Apart from absorbing nutrients from the soil, Monstera needs help from fertilizers. Most of the main ingredients of fertilizers are Phosphorus, Nitrogen, and Potassium. These substances take on the task of providing nutrients to the plant. It also helps the plant to increase and be healthy. The best fertilizer for Monstera has a 3-1-2 or 5-2-3 N-P-K ratio.
How many kinds of fertilizers are for Monstera?
There are many types of fertilizers today. Some types of fertilizer will provide nutrients evenly. Meanwhile, some will stimulate leaf or root growth. Depending on your needs and purposes, you can choose the right fertilizer for your plants.
Sources of organic fertilizer
Thanks to the leftovers in household activities, you can make more than enough organic fertilizer. This type of manure helps clean the house and is safe and environmentally friendly. The waste provides plants with a full range of essential nutrients such as macro, intermediate, and micronutrients. In addition, in manure, some substances help regulate the growth of Monstera lushly and fast.
Sources of organic fertilizer are the best plant food for Monstera
When applied to plants, microbial fertilizers and biochemical fertilizers will have the same function: to help increase metabolism. Thanks to microbial fertilizers, plants can absorb indigestible organic phosphorus in the soil. Meanwhile, biochemical fertilizers have the remarkable ability to regulate plant growth.
The use of these two fertilizers will help plants absorb better and grow faster than usual. When growing Monstera, people often use foliar fertilizers to stimulate the leaves to produce extensive, comprehensive, and beautiful flowers. There is a mixture of several macronutrients, microelements, adhesion promoters, and growth regulators in manure. It will dilute this type of fertilizer. Then bring water to the leaves and stems. Stimulate the plant more firmly, their leaves more glossy.
Mineral fertilizers – an indispensable source of nutrients
When planting, you should mix mineral fertilizers into the soil to increase soil fertility. Commonly used mineral fertilizers are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. In it, especially essential nitrogen fertilizer.
Phosphate fertilizer is considered the most indispensable fertilizer. The plant’s demand is always high because the tree can only absorb 30% of the phosphate fertilizer. Therefore, the amount of fertilizer required is quite large. Potassium fertilizer is also necessary after changing the soil or diluting watering the plants because there is enough potassium in the ground to feed Monstera.
Synthetic and mixed fertilizers
Synthetic fertilizers have been produced through chemical reactions to form a fertilizer with many nutritional elements. In different combinations, synthetic fertilizers and NPK fertilizers are selected suitable for each type of soil and plant group. Some most popular fertilizers on the market today:
- NP fertilizer: This is a popular 2-factor fertilizer with many different brands on the market.
- Amorphous fertilizer: This fertilizer has a ratio of nutrients N, P, K is 1: 2, 6 : 0. Fertilizer with high phosphorus content, suitable for use in acid sulfate and basalt soils.
- Mixed fertilizer: Explicitly produced for use as a primer in the soil.
- Potassium nitrate fertilizer: A 2-factor fertilizer containing 13% N and 45% K2O, often applied to fruit trees and tubers.
Lime is an exceptional fertilizer
Lime provides Ca for plants. It is an essential source of nutrients for plants, helping to improve acidic and salty soil. Decompose organic matter in the ground, create conditions for microorganisms to work well, increase nutrient solubility and absorption of nutrients. Lime also helps kill many plant diseases and detoxify the soil due to excess Iron, aluminum, H2S, etc…
Some forms of lime for plants:
- Crushed lime: This type of lime has a slow effect, so it is often used as a primer when making soil. It will be helpful if you combine it with organic fertilizer to help increase the efficiency of the fertilizer with nitrogen.
- Calcified lime: Has a faster effect than crushed lime, but because CaCO3 is heated to CaO and then used, it has an intense activity. You should note to avoid affecting plants.
- Gypsum: is a unique form of lime, has an immediate effect, and is very good for plants when creating fruit.
Foliar fertilizer – plant food for Monstera
Nutrient compounds, including diverse, intermediate elements, are dissolved in water and sprayed onto plants for absorption. Fertilizers can be simple fertilizers such as N, P, K, Zn, Cu, etc. However, most foliar fertilizers are a mixture of macronutrients and micronutrients in water-soluble form.
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When should Monstera be fertilized?
You can fertilize when the plants are yellow, wilted, and lack vitality. Or when the tree is about to leave. Because Monstera takes a lot of effort to produce stem and leaves, it must need enough nutrients. When the plant is healthy or during heavy rains, you should only apply a small amount. And especially do not fertilize when the tree grows tall, it is hot, or it is young and newly planted.
Pay attention to fertilizing during the seedling growth promotion period. You should apply phosphate fertilizers during the flowering period to benefit flowering plants. In addition, it is necessary to pay attention to the fertilizer season. Spring and summer fast-growing plants can fertilize a lot. The tree grows slowly in the fall, so apply less. In the winter, you may not need to fertilize.
Number of times of application
The number of fertilizing times is also an important issue, and the amount of fertilizer each time should not be much. In general, the period from spring to autumn is 1-2 weeks to apply once, in the deep to establish autumn, apply once every 2-3 weeks, to winter without fertilizer.
When is the best time to fertilize Monstera?
Usually fertilize in the evening, especially in the hot season. It would help if you did not fertilize at noon because the high temperature of the fertilizer can easily cause damage to the roots.
In addition, before watering the manure, it is best to dig through the soil in the pot so that it is beneficial to penetrate deep into the roots. In addition, you should not fertilize too thick or in midday. It is best to fertilize at 6-7 am or 5-6 pm, depending on the season.